Book.No-2]=G1.1 Definition of Qurbani
Qurbani is a worship with goods and is Wajib upon every rich person. To sacrifice a specific animal on a specific day for the sake of Allah for the intention to gain reward is called a Qurbani. Qurbani is Wajib upon every Muslim who is not a traveller and is the owner of Nisaab and is a free person.
G2.0 Who is Qurbani Wajib upon ?
G2.1 Just as Qurbani is Wajib upon all males it is also Wajib upon all females [Durr-e-Mukhtar, etc].
G2.2 Qurbani is not Wajib upon a traveller, however, if he wishes to perform it voluntarily, then he can do so and will gain reward [Durr-e-Mukhtar, etc]. The owner of Nisaab means to have as much goods in addition to the basic necessities an amount of two hundred Dirhams (approx. £300-£400) [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Alamgiri, etc.].
G2.3 Whoever has two hundred Dirhams or twenty Dinars in addition to the basic necessities or is the owner of goods that equal to two hundred Dirhams etc. then according to Shariat that person is rich and Qurbani is Wajib upon them [Alamgiri etc.].
G3.0 Time of Qurbani
The time of Qurbani is from the break of dawn of the 10th of Zil Hajj to sunset on the 12th of Zil Hajj, meaning three days and two nights. However, it is better to perform it in the morning of the 10th, then 11th, then 12th.
G3.1 If the Qurbani is performed in a city then the condition is that it is performed after the Eid Namaz and because there is no Eid Namaz in villages and outskirts then it can be performed after the break of dawn.
G3.2 It is necessary to perform Qurbani at the time of Qurbani, therefore, if that much money or the same amount of goods to the value of an animal is given then the responsibility of Qurbani will not be fulfilled [Alamgiri etc.].
G3.3 If the time of Qurbani has passed then a Qurbani can no longer be performed and if you had purchased an animal for Qurbani then give it as Sadqa or give the amount of money equivalent to the value of a goat as Sadqa [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Alamgiri, etc.].
G4.0 Rules of Qurbani
Once the conditions of Qurbani are fulfilled (as mentioned above), then to sacrifice one goat or sheep or lamb or one seventh of a camel, cow, buffalo is Wajib and no less than this can be performed.
If a person’s share of a large animal is less than one seventh then their share of the Qurbani will not count (meaning, if eight people are jointly sacrificing one large animal then only seven of these people’s Qurbani will count).
If there are less than seven people jointly performing Qurbani and the parts divided are equal to at least one seventh per person then the Qurbani will count.
G4.1 Every person that is jointly performing Qurbani have to make the intention that they are doing it to gain reward and not just to gain the meat and therefore a person wanting to perform an Aqeeqa can also join in as this is done to gain reward [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
G5.0 Method of performing Qurbani
The animal that is going to be sacrificed should be fed and given water. The knife that is going to be used should be sharpened beforehand, but not in front of the animal. The animal should be laid on it’s left side with it’s face pointing towards the Qibla and the person slaughtering the animal should put their right foot on the animal and quickly slaughter the animal using a sharp knife. Before slaughtering the animal, this Dua should be prayed;
“Inni Wajjahto Waj’hiya Lillazi Fataras Samaawaat’e Wal’arda Hanifaw Wamaa Anaa Minal Mushrikeena, inna Salaati Wa Nusooki Wa Mah’Yaaya Wa Ma’maati Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen. Laa Shareeka Lahu Wa Bizaalika Umirtu Wa Anaa Minal Muslimeena Allahumma Laka Waminka Bismillahi Allahu Akbar”.
As soon as you finish praying the Dua, start cutting with the knife. If the Qurbani is from yourself then after slaughtering pray this Dua;
“Allahumma Taqabbal Minni Kamaa Taqabbalta Min Khaleelika Ibraheema Alaihis Salaam Wa Habeebika Muhammadin Sallalaho Alaihi Wasallam”
When slaughtering cut all four veins (in the throat) or at least three veins and so that the knife reaches the back of the throat and it should not be cut more than that as it would cause unnecessary pain for the animal. As soon as the animal goes cold then cut the feet and take off the skin. If you have slaughtered the animal on behalf of someone then at the point where you pray “Minni” pray “Min Falaa” (meaning their name). If the animal is bought jointly and there are more than one person involved in the partnership of the animal such as a cow, camel, buffalo etc. then all their names should be said in place of ‘Falaa’.
G5.1 If someone else is performing the slaughter for you then it is better to be present.
G6.0 Rules of meat and the skin
If the animal is bought jointly then the meat should be weighed and equally distributed. It should not be divided roughly because if it is divided un-equally then even if the person receiving less forgives them it will not be forgiven as the right is as per Shariat [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar].
Then split your share into three parts and give one third to the poor as Sadqa, one third to your relatives and one third for yourself and eat the meat yourself and give some to your wife and children. If you have a lot of children and a large family then you can keep all the meat for yourself and if you so wish you can give all of it to Sadqa, however, it is better to keep one part of yourself.
G6.1 If you have performed a Qurbani on behalf of a deceased person then the rule of the meat is the same, however, if the deceased had requested for the Qurbani then give all the meat away as Sadqa.
G6.2 If the Qurbani is from a deceased person then the meat cannot be eaten by yourself nor can it be given to a rich person, but it is Wajib to give all the meat away as Sadqa [Bahar].
G6.2 It is Mustahhab for the person performing the Qurbani to eat the Qurbani meat as the first food of the day [Barraur-Raiq].
G6.3 The meat of the Qurbani should not be given to infidels.
G6.4 The animal’s skin, reins, saddle etc. should all be given in Sadqa. You can use the skin for yourself and make something out of it e.g. a leather bag or a mat for praying Namaz on. However, you cannot sell the skin and use the money for yourself, if this is done then the money has to be given as Sadqa [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd- ul-Mohtar].
G6.5 Nowadays people usually give the skins to Madressas, this is allowed and if you sell the skin with the intention to give the money to the Madressa then this is also allowed [Alamgiri, Bahar].
G6.6 The meat of the Qurbani cannot be given to the person performing the Qurbani or skinning the animal as labour or salary. If however, you give it as a gift as you would do to friends then this is acceptable, but you cannot include it as a form of payment for his work [Hidaya etc.].
G6.7 There are many places where the skin is given to the Imam. This should not be given as part of his salary but can be given as a gift or assistance [Bahar-e-Shariat].
G7.0 Which animals can be used for Qurbani
Animals for Qurbani – Camel, cow, buffalo, goat, ewe (male or female), eunuch, large eunuch can all be used for Qurbani [Alamgiri].
G7.0 Wild animals such as deer, white antelope, reindeer cannot be used to perform Qurbani.
G7.0 A sheep or lamb are included in the eunuch category.
G8.0 Age of a Qurbani Animal
A camel must be at least five years old, a buffalo must be at least two years old and a sheep or lamb or goat at least a year old. If they are younger than this then the Qurbani will not count. However, if a lamb or a eunuch’s young is so big at six months that by looking at it from a distance it looks to be a year old then it can be used for Qurbani [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
G9.0 What should a Qurbani Animal be like ?
G9.1 A Qurbani animal should be big and healthy and should not have any faults. If there is a small fault with the animal then the Qurbani will count but is Makrooh and if there is a big fault then the Qurbani will not count [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar, Alamgiri].
G9.2 If a bull has no horns from birth then it is allowed and if the horns have been broken upto the root then it is not allowed to use it for Qurbani and if they are a little broken then it is allowed [Alamgiri, etc.].
G9.3 A blind, lame, cross-eyed, mad, cut-ears, cut-tailed, teethless, cut-teats, dried teats, cut nosed, deaf from birth, a hermaphrodite (where an animal’s both sexual organ’s exist), an animal that only eats impurities then all of these animals cannot be used for Qurbani [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
G9.4 If the illness is small and the lameness is not that bad so that the animal can walk upto the slaughter-house or the ears, nose etc. are less than a third cut then the animal can be used for Qurbani [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Hidaya, Alamgiri].
G9.5 If when performing the Qurbani the animal jumped and shook and due to this it became faulty then there is no harm [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
G9.6 If you performed a Qurbani and found that there is a live born inside then that should also be slaughtered and can be made use of, and if the young inside is dead then it should be thrown away [Bahar-e-Shariat].
G9.7 If after purchasing and before the Qurbani the animal give birth then the new-born should also be slaughtered and if it is sold then the money should be given away as Sadqa and if it is not slaughtered before the Qurbani then give it away live as Sadqa [Alamgiri, Bahar].
NOTICE: Just look at our master and king the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam’s big heart and concern that he made a Qurbani on behalf of his Ummat and thought of us, therefore, if a Muslim can then they should perform an additional Qurbani on behalf of the Holy Prophet then it would be a very good and fortunate act [Bahar-e-Shariat].
G10.1 Definition of Aqeeqa
Due to the happiness of when a child is born, the animal that is slaughtered is known as an Aqeeqa.
G11.0 When should an Aqeeqa be performed
G11.1 An Aqeeqa is Mustahhab and it is better to perform it on the seventh day. If it cannot be performed on the seventh day then perform it whenever possible and the Sunnat will be fulfilled.
G11.2 Two goats should be slaughtered for a son and one goat for a daughter, also a male animal for the boy and a female animal for the girl, if however, if this is vice-versa then it is also accepted. If you cannot afford to slaughter two then for the boy one female goat would also do.
G11.3 If you slaughter a cow or a buffalo then for the boy you would specify two parts and for the girl one part.
G11.4 You can mix parts of Aqeeqa with a Qurbani animal. The same conditions apply for an Aqeeqa animal as for the Qurbani animal.
G12.0 What should be done with the Aqeeqa meat ?
G12.1 The meat of the Aqeeqa should be given to the poor, friends and relatives raw or cooked, or it can be served as a meal and all the people invited, in all cases it is allowed.
G12.2 For pious prediction don’t break the bones and if you do break them then this is not forbidden. You can cook the meat in whichever way suits you but to cook it salty is a means that the child will become with good characteristics.
G12.3 The Aqeeqa meat can be eaten by all relatives such as mother, father, grandfather, grandmother etc.
G12.4 The rule for the skin of the Aqeeqa is the same as for the Qurbani animal, meaning you can make use of it yourself or give it to someone or give to a Madressa or Mosque.
G13.0 Dua for Aqeeqa
When slaughtering the animal for Aqeeqa, pray this Dua;
“Allahumma Haazihi Aqeeqatu ibn-e-Falaa (Instead of Ibne Falaa state the your child’s name if you are slaughtering the animal yourself, and if someone is performing the Aqeeqa on behalf of someone then say the child and the child’s father’s name) Damuhaa Be-Damihi Walah muha Bi Lahmihi Wa’azmuha Be-Azmihi Wa Jilduha Be-Jildihi Wa’Sha’ruha Be Sha’rihi Allahummaj Alha Fi’da’al Li’Ibne Minannaar’e Bismillahi Allahu Akbar”
If the child is a girl then pray this Dua ;
“Allahumma Haazihi Aqeeqatu Binti Falaanatan (Instead of Falaa state the name) Damuhaa Bi damihaa Walah’Muhaa Bilah’Mihaa Wa’azmuhaa Bi azmiha Wajilduha Bijildiha Washa’ruha Bisha’riha Allahummaj Alhaa Fida’al libinti (if the daughter is yours, and if it is someone else’s then say Bint Falaa) Minanaaar’e Bismillali Allahu Akbar”.
If you do not know this Dua then by just praying Bismillahi Allahu Akbar the Aqeeqa will be complete [Bahar-e-Shariat].